GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION

Akşehir is a popular district in Central Anatolia with natural beauty, fertile soil and green vegetation. It is located between 31º, 24 ¯, 45 = east longitude, and 38º, 02 ¯, 00 = north latitudes. It is surrounded by Ankara in northeast, Eskisehir in north, Afyon in the northwest, Konya in the east and southwest, and Isparta in the west. North of the town center is surrounded by lake Akşehir. District land area is 1,442 km2. It is 1050 m above sea level. Under Konya province located in the southwestern, Akşehir district is situated on Konya - Afyon road and is 135 km away from Konya and 90 km away from Afyon. . .

 

 

Two-parts of Akşehir and Sultan mountains that constitute a gentrified area in the Central Anatolia region have very unique characteristics which are distinct in terms of nature, climate, economy and society from other place. Located on the famous trade route from Sardis to Nineweh which is called the "Royal Road" in history, the city maintains the same importance today. The immediate surroundings of the city center has been developed as a residential area and the outer parts are of agricultural character, in which irrigated and dry farming are practiced. Vegetable gardening and fruit growing are developed. Cereals, beet, pulses, industrial crops and feed crops are also important.

 

The region has a continental climate. Besides, it is a place of passage between the Central Anatolia and the interior of the western Anatolian climate. Summers are hot and dry, winters are cold and rainy. Annual rainfall is 690 mm. Precipitation falls mostly in winter and spring. Hard days of winter are followed by spring days reminiscent of the summer. Akşehir and its surroundings are among the highest rainfall areas in Central Anatolia Region. The annual average temperature is 12 ºC. The most important wind blows from the southwest. Simoom, popularly called gedavet, is often felt (Akşehir can experience four seasons in one day.)

 

Range of Sultan mountains in the south of the town center and catchment area of Lake Akşehir in the north constitute the morphological structure of the area. In the series of Sultan mountains in northwest-southwest direction in the south of Akşehir district center, Tekkekale is 1664 meters, Çamlık hill is 1731 meters and Gelincikana hill, the highest peak, is 2610 m. . Lake Akşehir is 958 meters from sea level.

 

The alluvial fans constitute the city's main morphological elements. The alluvial fans have formed plains in the foothills of Sultan mountains. These plains are occupied as residential areas and a large part is used as agricultural area.. 

 

The rivers forming alluvial fans have deepened their beds and buried themselves as the lake level has fallen in recent years.  Therefore, alluvial fans are observed to have been dug through the long axis.  The average altitude where alluvial fans sit on the basis is 1150 meters. The average altitude in the beginning of the old lake bed, in other words, in the outer ends of the fan, is 1000 meters and alluvial fans constitute a sedimentary wedge of 150 meters.

 

Old plains of Akşehir lake extends to the eastern side.  An oval depression is observed at the same level with the current lake bottom near Subatan village. It is a local dish in the old lake. There is a slightly visible terrace structure in Akşehir area due to the presence of the old lake shore promenade.   Terraces are observed especially between 975-1000 meters.

 

Shrubs, often called maquis, elm, oak, pine, nuts constitute the vegetation in Sultan mountains.  Descending to the foot of the mountains, there are several fruit trees.  The city is surrounded by dense trees  Once covered with forest, Sultan mountains has lost forests in time due to the unconscious cutting and goat pasture. Work against erosion has been carried out and forest trees have been started to be grown in the bare areas of the mountains.

 

There are hundreds of springs emerging from various places.  They combine and form rivers, streams and pour into lake Akşehir and lake Eber.  The most important of them is Adıyan river coming from the direction of Doğanhisar and flowing into lake Akşehir 5-6 km northeast of Akşehir . Akşehir stream emerges from Sultan mountains and flows through the city. Although flooded several times in past years, it has been observed that water level has fallen in recent years. It is completely dry in the summer.